Growing weed is a pretty easy thing to do, in fact out of 50 people who grow Marijuana if you ask them how it is to grow weed they will confirm to you that is the best plant to grow since it attracts very good rewards.
The only challenge that’s seems to stand on the way is deciding on what to buy and setup. More so you do not need to be a botanist to grow weed, just a little bit of information which you can source from various place like online or people who grow the same.
If you are still reading this, because are probably new with no clue of how to and where to start if you want to grow weed; but not to worry, your effort in reading this article will pay off – all the answers to questions on how, what and where of growing marijuana will be comprehensively answered in this quick guide for newbies on how to grow weed. We’ve got some serious tips for you.
First let’s start with type of weed you can grow
Before you put your big or small investment into growing Weed first thing you need to know are the types of marijuana available. There are three types of Marijuana; Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis, and they come with the male and female variety. Some are very short and smaller, while other is tall and skinny and other short and taut. As a ganja planter, you need to observe one key rule in growing either of the plant variety which is harvesting greet weed. This can be achieved if you separate them to prevent them from forming colonies of male and female plants.
What you need to know
Cannabis is self-sustainable so it should not consume you a lot of investment. Equipped with fundamental information on soil preparation, environmental requirement (for the sake of indoor and outdoor growers) and security for the weed to thrive then you are good to go.
The following are the 8 step you can follow:
A place to grow weed
The first thing you need to consider is that you have a place to grow your weed discreetly. There are two options indoors and outdoors growing. The choice actually depends upon personal convenience. You could use the grow tent option to make sure those nosy neighbors don’t see too much of what’s going on in your room or you can just grow outside in the field as long as the climate and terrain are favorable for the plant. There are many different ways to grow cannabis at home. But you will need a few things to grow indoors effectively.
First on the list is a light source that will give the little marijuana plants all the light spectrums they need to grow up big and heavy with buds. There are different lights to choose from, it depends on how much you’re willing to spend. HID (High-Intensity Discharge) lighting is an option. HPS (High-pressure-sodium) lights or MH (Metal Halide) lighting come with ballasts bulbs and reflectors.
If you’re worried about heat, then you should definitely consider LED (Light –emitting diode) lighting or CFL (compact fluorescent). These are more economical options that could save you a hefty electricity bill. Make sure the light covers every corner of the grow space, box, tent or closet you’re using to grow in. invest in a decent timer, preferably digital. The timer is to regulate the hours the light will switch on and off while you’re not there.
Next on the list is an exhaust fan for absorbing the heat and to get rid of those odours, you will need an activated carbon filter. Remember to buy a filter that is made to handle the size of space you’re using. It’s best to get a clip on fan to keep the air circulating inside the space, so mould doesn’t grow on the plants. Additionally, you will need a hydrometer and thermometer to keep track of the temperature and humidity in the grow space.
Where to get the seeds
If you don’t have cannabis seeds that you’ve collected beforehand, ask a friend or order some great seeds online and have them mailed to you. Don’t have them mailed to your exact address. Rent a mailbox or use a friend’s address, these hints would only apply if you’re growing illegally.
We recommend that you keep your growing operation on the down low. Keep it a secret to avoid any pesky coppers knocking on your door.
You will need a loose and airy soil mix in 3-5 gallon buckets. This is recommended for beginners and will be a bit more forgiving than a hydroponics system if you make mistakes. Make sure to cut holes in the bottom of the buckets for drainage; you don’t want to drown the poor cannabis plant. Beneath that, place a drainage plate or something under the bucket to handle the overflow. It would be wise to buy plant nutrients to feed the plant while growing and you’ll also need a watering can too.
After you’ve planted your seeds or rooted your clones, it’s time to get them big and strong. Lower the reflector with the lights from the top down above the plants. Lift the lights as they grow. Don’t let them struggle toward the light, help them grow faster and stronger. A good 10 centimeters is enough space to motivate quick growth. Maintain the 10 cm margin throughout its growth. Set the light timer to be switched on for 18 hours per day, and off for 6 hours. During its vegetative period, the plant will grow leaves and branches but no flowers (unless it’s an auto flowering plant).
Try your best not to overwater your plants or overfeed them. You don’t want to kill the roots of the plant with too much water or too many nutrients. Marijuana roots thrive in a wet/dry cycle. So lift the bucket to feel the weight to know when to water the plant again. You can also press your thumb into the soil and feel if it’s moist or too dry.
The first sign of overfeeding is the tips of the cannabis plant leaves will start looking burnt. In this case, you might have to flush the roots to see if you can save the cannabis plant. When growing indoors, make sure you have enough space to grow. The plant will try to stretch itself out to all available space in the area.
Pruning For Higher Yield
Prune early and often. Where the two nodes emerge (the two new leaves that sprout), pinch or cut it and this will make the cannabis plant grow in bonsai form. If you do this right, you’ll have a cute little bonsai cannabis plants.
Added bonus, the plant will bush out and will cause very little stretching outwards. The Cannabis plant will have fewer gaps between nodes. This would be a more efficient way to get a great yield out of your Cannabis plants when grown in a small space. The cannabis plants vegetating time will increase so it’s important to consider these delays in the growing.
Do not pinch or prune the cannabis plants once they’ve begun flowering. You’ll be messing with the yield when cropping out. If the heads are close to touching the light tie them down or bend them so they don’t burn and or stink up the place.
Making a screen could increase your yield. Place the screen over the heads and start training the Cannabis heads into the holes. Train growing shoots to grow horizontally along the bottom of the screen to fill empty spots in the screen. This is called SCROGGIN.
When to induce flowering is entirely up to you. You will need to know how much space you have to flower, remembering that the cannabis plant stretches out more when its flowering mode is activated. You’ll be verging for about 4-6 weeks before you force the flowering cycle.
Upon being ready to force the plant into its flowering cycle, switch your timer to a 12:12 light cycle. This means 12 hours of light, and 12 hours of dark mimicking winter. Never disturb the plant with light when the plant is sleeping in its 12-hour dark period. This confuses your plant and can cause serious problems later such as producing seeds because it’s stressed and what not.
Change the feeding routine to one best suitable for the flowering stage. Purchase “blooming” solution to help start the flowering stage. Depending on the flowering time of the specific Cannabis strain you are using it’s important to prepare your crop for the flowering stage.
If you’re doing a 60-day flowering strain, start to flush your plant’s roots systems with plain water on day 46.
Harvesting, Drying and Curing
The most important part of growing weed is knowing when and how to harvest the bud.
Get hold of a microscope or magnifying glass and take a look at the crystals also known as trachoma. These look like little glass mushrooms with a bulbous stem and around the clear top.
Inside the glands’ head, you will find the psychoactive compounds (THC, CBD etc.).If majority of the gland on the cannabis heads begins to turn cloudy white. Just before they go completely amber, it’s time to harvest. If you want a much deeper body high, wait till the crystals turn more dark amber in colour and then harvest.
After harvesting, trim and hang up your buds to dry. Depending on the humidity in your area, this process might take a week or two to properly dry the cannabis. If you feel that your buds are drying out too fast, then add a humidifier to the room to balance things out while drying. Never leave a fan blowing directly on the drying heads. Make sure that air is circulating to avoid mould and bud-rot on the heads.
Storage, packaging and consumption
After determining that the buds have dried sufficiently, it’s time to jar them up for the curing stage. The stems should break but not snap off. The outside of the flower should be dry to the touch with a sticky residue.
To be honest there are still some ways to go before you can smoke it. There’s still water trapped in the cannabis, and jarring it will slowly “sweat” the excess water out of the cannabis material.
It suggested that an opaque (not transparent) jar is used in this part of the curing. Now place the jar in a dark place. Open the jar to determine how much humidity the cannabis still has. If there’s any condensation forming on the sides of the glass, then leave the jar open for a while. You should also take the cannabis out of the jar for about 15 minutes and let it air out on a piece of paper – then put it back in.
Little by little, day by day, every time you open the jar let the moisture out. It’s best to take the top of the jar off once or twice a day. This will remove all the moisture and water particles left in the cannabis material.
After 3 weeks to a month of repeating this process, you will have a great tasting cured bud that burns great.
Hope our tips are helpful in your attempt in growing and cropping out your own cannabis crop (in secret that is).
Additional Resource: https://marijuanally.com/how-to-grow-marijuana-indoors-for-dummies